Publications and research

"Let us get contextual: critical realist case studies in supply chain management"
Amanda Bille & Christian Hendriksen (2023)

Published in Supply Chain Management: An International Journal 28, 4, p. 724-737

This research explores the benefits of using critical realist case research in supply chain management (SCM). In contrast to traditional approaches that either focus on universal rules or subjective social meanings, critical realist case research provides a more nuanced understanding of SCM by taking into account both causal factors and the specific context of each case. By examining existing literature, the study highlights the potential of critical realist case research to improve theorizing in SCM and develop new types of context-sensitive theories.

The study emphasizes the need to expand the qualitative research toolbox in SCM by incorporating critical realist case research. This approach will not only help refine the development of innovative theories but also benefit managers by inspiring new research directions. The research contributes to the field by being the first to develop a qualitative critical realist case research approach in SCM, setting the stage for future studies using this methodology.

"Navigating Norms and Invisible Rules: Explaining the Case of Business influence in International Shipping Regulation"
Christian Hendriksen (2022)

Published in Business & Politics, 24, 1, p. 79-95

This article explores how businesses influence international negotiations at a micro-level, using organizational institutional theory to understand how local norms can impact the extent of business power. The study demonstrates this perspective through a case study of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), examining how these norms affect private actors’ influence and authority during negotiations on environmental shipping regulations.


The research reveals that specific institutionalized norms and beliefs can both limit and enable business interests, occasionally overshadowing the overall power of the shipping industry. The findings suggest that future studies on business power and lobbying should pay close attention to the unique ideas that determine the range of legitimate activities for business actors, especially in international institutions where individual negotiation sites may develop their own distinct norms and beliefs regarding private actor participation.